A presente tese, intitulada Uma h Nestes, mulheres fortes, corajosas e pares dos homens caracterizam as heroínas, seja nos textos que retratavam a sociedade em Israel, no Antigo Oriente Próximo, ou entre os povos da Grécia continental e insular, os quais circulavam na bacia do Mediterrâneo. Resumo inglês: Ruth is a poor, widowed and moabite foreigner woman. This thesis, entitled A heroine called Ruth: narrative and intertextual analysis of Rt 3, sought to show, through the narrative exegesis, the possibilities that point out that parity between the protagonists, Ruth and Booz, either by the treatment the author, through the Narrator s voice, gives to each one or by the speeches of these characters, giving value, still, to Naomi s importance and role before and after the threshing floor scene. Then, from the bible and extrabible intertextual analysis, it was possible to identify other women who very much resemble the person, characteristics and behavior of parity between Ruth and Booz in Rt 3: the bible women Deborah, Jael, Abigail and woman of Pr 31,10 31, as well as the extrabible women Arete and Alcestis, all with their male counterparts at the scene. This approach made it possible to apply to Ruth the concept of heroin, as the literary model of the texts of Antiquity. In these strong, courageous women and men s counterparts characterize the heroines in texts that depict the society in Israel, in the ancient Near East, or between the people of continental and insular Greece, which circulated in the Mediterranean basin.